How To Make Sense of Your Blood Report

Though we are aware about health and conditions more than we ever have been but till date reading a blood report can make us scratch our heads sometimes

05 Oct, 2022

Kashish Sharma

Decoding Blood Test

Amid the flu season, blood tests become a standard part of healthcare. In times when diseases like dengue, COVID-19, and other viral infections confuse us with overlapping symptoms, a blood test comes handy. Though we have been much aware about health and conditions than we have ever been but till date reading a blood report can make us scratch our heads sometimes. Complicating terms and abbreviations tend to intimidate us. Let us try to make sense of a simple blood report. You must note this is no replacement to a doctor’s analysis of the report.

Source: Thehealthsite

Total Leucocyte Count (TLC)

This value stands for the number of white blood cells in your body. White blood cells or WBCs are like soldiers of your body, protecting you against germs and preventing the spread of infection in the body. A high TLC could suggest some infection in the body whereas a low count of it can suggest conditions that weakens immune system.

Source: Thehealthsite

Haemoglobin (Hgb)

This value is a measure of a protein present inside the red blood cells that carries oxygen from lungs to all parts of the body. This test is useful in diagnosing anemia in which adequate amount of oxygen is not reaching all parts of the body.

Source: Thehealthsite

Hematocrit (Hct)

Unlike Hemoglobin, this value is a measure of RBCs and what proportion of blood they make. Since RBCs are carrying vehicles of hemoglobin, this value also helps in diagnosis of conditions like Anemia.

Source: Thehealthsite

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH)

This value is a measure of the average amount of hemoglobin present in each red blood cell. A high level of it can suggest anemia whereas a low value of it could suggest malnutrition and other conditions.

Source: Thehealthsite

Platelet Count

This value measures the number of cells that help in blood clotting. If the value is high, it might suggest some infection or anemia and if the count is low then it could indicate risk of internal bleeding. This value is of utmost importance in diagnosing diseases like Dengue.

Source: Thehealthsite


This value is a measure of a biomarker that often helps in diagnosis of kidney and liver dysfunction. Abnormal values of this protein might indicate conditions like jaundice, anemia and liver diseases

Source: Thehealthsite

Creatinine (Cr)

This value measures the level of a compound waste product that is formed as a byproduct of metabolic reactions in your body. This value indicates how well your kidneys are filtering the waste out of your body. A higher value of this metabolic waste can suggest kidney dysfunction.

Source: Thehealthsite

Total cholesterol to HDL ratio (TC/HDL)

HDL (high-density lipoprotein) Cholesterol is useful in protecting your heart. Low levels of it can indicate the risk of developing a heart disease. Calculating this ratio can help determine an individual’s risk of developing a heart disease. It is worked out by dividing HDL cholesterol into total cholesterol.

Source: Thehealthsite

C-reactive protein

The value is measure of C-reactive protein in your blood. Your liver releases CRP into your bloodstream in response to inflammation. Healthcare providers use this test to help diagnose and monitor several different causes of inflammation, such as infections and certain autoimmune conditions.

Source: Thehealthsite

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