There are a number of people in the world who suffer from chronic or acute conditions that lead to the failure of an organ. Organ failure can occur due to trauma (severe injury to the organ), certain infections, some chronic conditions like diabetes and abuse of addictive substances like alcohol. A person will require an organ transplant in cases where organ that has failed is to be ‘replaced’. This replacement can only happen when the patient gets an organ from another person — who is known as the donor. This donor may be someone who has recently died or someone who is living and wishes to donate his/her organ.
In the case of a dead donor (also known as a cadaver donor) a doctor can harvest organs like the heart, lungs, skin, eyes, intestines, liver, pancreas etc. But in the case of a living donor he/she can donate organs like the kidney and liver and even stem cells.
The process of organ donation is quite complex and needs a large amount of tests before the donation actually occurs. Apart from the tests there are a number of laws governing the transplantation and donation of organs — mainly done to curb the rising trend of the organ black market. Wondering about the rules that govern an organ donation? Read all about it here.
In India the organ donation scenario is very dismal as a number of people shy away from pledging their organs either due to fear or because of all the myths that surround the practice. The fact of the matter still remains that organ donation can help save someone’s life after a person’s death. Why allow perfectly good organs to go to waste when they can be the reason for someone else’s life? Want to know more about how to pledge your organs? Here are all the answers you might need.