Also known as medical negligence, is the term used to describe the negligent behaviour of a medical professional. The term medical malpractice is also used when a person providing medical care fails to perform his/her duty to the fullest of their ability and knowledge. This includes providing shoddy medical care, not informing the patient of the risk involved in a procedure, not giving the patient or their family a substantial reason for the death or irreparable harm caused to a patient, prescribing wrong medication, diagnosing a condition incorrectly, disclosing patient information without his/her permission etc. A patient has a number of rights when it comes to medical care, and one should be well aware of their rights. It is important to remember that it is a medical practitioner’s duty to inform a patient beyond doubt about their condition or procedure.