Juvenile diabetes is commonly called as type1 diabetes and accounts to only 5% of the total people suffering from diabetes. Also known as insulin-dependent diabetes, this disease usually affects children and young adults. It occurs due to the inability of the pancreas to secrete the hormone insulin. Insulin plays a vital role in the conversion of food starch into glucose along with transportation of glucose to the body cells. Since the body is unable to produce the hormone, it struggles with the high levels of glucose in the blood and urine.
The exact cause of type1 diabetes is still not clear but it is believed that genetics play a key role in people affected with this disease. The risk of developing juvenile diabetes is higher in children who have diabetic parents, pancreas infection or injury and mothers with a history of gestational diabetes. The common symptoms include weight loss, excessive thirst and hunger, increases appetite, fatigue, frequent urination, irritable nature and infections (which recur and do not heal quickly).
Juvenile diabetes is a chronic condition that cannot be cured and prevented but with proper care one can manage it. Since this diabetes affects children, who may not take care of themselves in a proper way parents should be extra careful in managing this condition. With regular blood check-ups and medications, adults and children suffering from this condition can lead a healthy and happy life.