A person is said to have high blood pressure when the blood pressure readings are 140/90 mmHg or higher. Hypertension is the medical terminology for high blood pressure.
Every time the heart beats to pump blood to various organs of your body, blood flows with a force. This force of the blood flow exerts pressure on the walls of the arteries. Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of blood vessel. It is expressed as systolic/diastolic blood pressure. Normal blood pressure is less than 120 mmHg/80 mmHg.
The more the pressure, the harder your heart has to work to pump blood. High blood pressure is one of the most common chronic conditions that can lead to several other health problems in the presence of contributing factors like genetics, obesity or high cholesterol levels. Elevated blood pressure is linked to a variety of diseases like coronary artery diseases, stroke, kidney diseases, vision loss and erectile dysfunction. It can be curtailed by changes like exercising more, eating right and reducing stress apart from taking anti-hypertensive drugs.