Endometrial cancer develops in the cells within the inner lining (endometrium) of uterus. It is commonly known as uterine cancer. The exact underlying cause for this disease is unknown but experts suggest that certain genetic mutation that facilitates the transition of normal cells into cancerous cells could cause the disease. These cancerous cells grow abnormally and invade the uterine tissue (metastasis). Common risk factors include hormonal changes, late menopause, no pregnancy, hormone replacement therapy, obesity and older age.
Post menopausal vaginal bleeding, excessive bleeding during menstruation, abnormal watery discharge along with stains of blood, pain in pelvis region and painful intercourse are a few key symptoms of the disease. The existence of endometrial cancer can be confirmed by simple diagnostic tools including examination of pelvis, ultrasound images of vagina, hyteroscopic technique, etc.
Surgical removal of uterus (hysterectomy) is the most recommended treatment procedure in such causes. Other modes of management of uterine cancer include chemotherapy, radiation therapy and hormonal supplements.