Colon Cancer

Colon is a four feet long muscular tube that extends from the end of the bowel to the anus. It is a part of large intestine and is divided into three components. Growth of cancerous tissue in the colon gives rise to colon cancer but sometimes it can spread towards the rectum to develop colorectal cancer. Though there is no defined cause for its onset, experts suggest that in several cases the cause is genetic in nature (inheritance of mutated gene). Certain risk factors like inflammation in the intestine, high fat diet, older age, diabetes, smoking and obesity increase its risk. Symptoms include diarrhoea, constipation with a feeling of heaviness in the rectum, discharge of blood from the rectum, abdominal pain, cramps and severe weight loss.


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