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Birth Control Pills

Read in Hindi

The morning- after pill or an emergency contraceptive is a type of birth control that is prescribed when a woman has unprotected sex in order to prevent pregnancy. Youngsters have unprotected sex and pop these pills indiscriminately without understanding that they do not protect one from STDs. These morning-after pills usually contain Levonorgestrel, a synthetic form of Progesterone, which works by inhibiting ovulation and thus preventing fertilization. It may play havoc with your natural hormonal levels if taken very frequently.

They are recommended when someone has had unprotected sex, after situations such as condom tear or in dire circumstances like a rape. Although it is a fairly uncomplicated way of preventing a pregnancy, it should not be used as a method of regular contraception.  It should be taken within 72 hrs of unprotected sex; the earlier, the better. Some side effects that may be experienced are: Tenderness in the breast, change in urine color, sleepiness, extreme vaginal bleeding, headache, disturbed mind, nausea and rashes.

Combined Pills contain a combination of estrogen and progestin. These are the synthetic form of the same hormones present in the female body. These pills are also useful in reducing the intensity of menstrual discomfort.

Another type of pill available is the Mini Pill. They contains only progesterone, they are milder in action and have lesser side effects. The down side to this pill is that it has to be taken at the same time everyday or it won’t work.

If used correctly and consistently, the pill is projected to be about 99.7 to 99.9 % effective in preventing pregnancy. The failure rate of hormonal methods of contraception, including the pill is usually lower than non-hormonal methods such as condoms and Intrauterine devices.  Although you may be tempted to try this method do make sure that you consult your physician.

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