Adolescent pregnancy also termed as teenage pregnancy is referred to the pregnancies that happens to girls under the age of 20. An adolescent can get impregnated after entering the puberty phase or after the first menstrual cycle. A pregnant teenager faces the same predicament or obstetrics issues like that of an adult woman. But a pregnancy under the age of 15 is not considered healthy in general. There are certain health risks associated with women getting pregnant between the age of 15 to 19. Research has shown that teenage pregnancy can result in low birth weight of the baby, premature labour, serious birth defects in the child and many more other issues. It can also present the mother with a host of health troubles like anemia, high blood pressure and many other health threats. Pregnant adolescents are more likely to have unsafe abortions. According to the WHO an estimated three million unsafe abortions happen globally every year among girls aged 15 to 19. Unsafe abortions can also lead to lasting health problems and maternal deaths. There are more dangers associated with adolescent pregnancies than the normal ones.
Pregnancy complications and early childbirth are leading causes of death among girls aged between 15 to 19. Stillbirths and newborn deaths are 50 percent more among infants born to adolescent mothers. Even though infants born to adolescent mothers have health issues and other lasting problems to deal with, one cannot ignore the fact that she is still a mother bearing a child.
Adolescent pregnancy has its own perilis. Awareness and education about the dangers of adolescent pregnancy can put this perilous act to a stop. Steps by the government and various watchdogs needs to be taken to tackle the issue of adolescent pregnancy. In this section read on the ups and downs of adolescent pregnancy, the measures taken to address it and how to avert the ills of adolescent pregnancy.