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The Sexopedia Part 1: Your guide to terms like BDSM, clitoris and dildo

There are so many sex-related terms. Here's Part 1 of India.com Health's sexopedia explaining terms like BDSM, clitoris and many others.

There s a lot that is not known about sex. If you ve come here looking to expand your knowledge, then you ve come to the right place. Sexopedia is a series of posts which will explain a plethora of terms related to sexual health. Here s presenting Part 1 of the series.

AIDS

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS is the final stage of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. If an HIV positive person is left untreated, his/her condition deteriorates into full-blown AIDS where the immune system stops working. Thus the immune system is unable to protect the person from diseases or infections. The virus can be transmitted from an HIV positive person through the exchange of body fluids. This can happen through sexual contact, blood transfusion, needles or from a mother to child during pregnancy. Read more about HIV/AIDS.

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Anal sex

Anal sex refers to the sexual practice of penetrating the anus either with the penis or the fingers. It's often been associated with homosexuality but the fact is that many heterosexual couples try it out as well. As a sexual practice, it's far riskier than vaginal or oral sex because of the high rate of transmission diseases including HIV. It's important to always use a condom and enough lubrication when indulging in anal sex. Read more about anal sex.

Anilingus

In a way it falls under anal and refers to the stimulating the anus with the tongue. It s extremely risky because of the presence of dangerous microbes in the anal area. It s also colloquially known as rimming.

BDSM

The term is an acronym for Bondage, Discipline, Sadism and Masochism. It s a type of kinky sexual practice which involves a host of deviant sexual behaviour that s not considered within the realms of normal sex. It usually has one dominant partner and one submissive one. The erotic novel Fifty Shades of Grey made the term popular among it s (largely) women readers. Find out how people into BDSM are mentally healthier!

Bisexuality

Bisexuality refers to the state where an individual is attracted to both the genders. According to the Kinsey scale of 0-6 which attempts to describe a person s sexual experience 0 being completely heterosexual and 6 being completely homosexual, those who fall in the 2-4 range are considered bisexual.

Body Image

The term body image refers to a person's own view of the aesthetic appeal and sexual attractiveness of his or her own body. Coined by Austrian neurologist and psychoanalyst Paul Schilder, there is still no consensus about the definition of the term. People suffering from body image issues usually believe they aren't as beautiful or good looking as some cultural ideal which varies from culture to culture. For example, in India we are led to believe that being fair is beautiful and dark-skinned people are somehow not qualified to be attractive. Body image issues can lead to a lot of unhappiness and hamper a person s professional and professional life. Read about how your body image could affect your sex life!

Clitoris

A female sexual organ, the clitoris is a small, very sensitive organ located at the top of the genital cleft where the inner labia meet, surrounded by the vulva. It s really quite easy to spot because while the vulva is soft and spongy, it is harder. In some ways, it s analogous to the male penis when a woman gets aroused, it fills up with blood and expands (not as much as a penis obviously). It is also the only organ known to exist just for sexual pleasure and has around 8000 nerve endings, making it very, very receptive to stimulation! Read more about clitoris - things you really ought to know about this powerful organ!

Cunnilingus

The term refers to oral sex performed on women and is known colloquially as going down . It involves stimulating the vulva or the clitoris using one s tongue, lips or other parts of the mouth. The opposite of cunnilingus (performed on males) is called fellatio. A lot of women can only orgasm through oral sex because they need clitoral stimulation. To paraphrase a famous quote, the tongue can sometimes be mightier than the penis!

Delayed ejaculation

A delayed ejaculation is when a person has a normal erection but cannot get to a point of inevitability (i.e. he cannot not stop ejaculation happening). Scientists have found various different causes for the problem psychological and physiological. Sometimes it s caused due to various ailments like hypogonadism (decreased functioning of sexual organs), thyroid-related problems or due to prostate surgery. It s also common among substance abusers like alcoholics and drug users. Some medications like medicine for hypertension and drugs for psychosis can cause this problem too. Another common reason is frequent masturbation which makes the mind and body more used to manual stimulation than regular intercourse. Read about whether there is a cure for delayed ejaculation.

Dildo

A dildo is a phallic (penis)-shaped object that s inserted into the vagina or anus for sexual pleasure. They are a type of sexual toy and are different from a vibrator which usually well vibrates and are powered by battery or electricity. Sometimes they come with straps which can be worn by a female partner or ergonomically designed to stimulate the nerves better.

Dyspareunia

Dyspareunia or pain during sex is more common among women than men and it s believed that it affects one in five women at least once. It s not really a disease but a symptom of a core physical or psychological condition. Causes include insufficient lubrication, tightened muscles or psychological factors like stress or sex abuse which. Read more about painful sex - the issue no one talks about.

Also read: Sexopedia Part 2, Sexopedia Part 3 and Sexopedia Part 4.

Watch this space for more, much more...

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