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Week by week pregnancy guide: Week 5 of your pregnancy

The week five of your pregnancy is an important time, when all the vital organs are taking shape and also your baby starts to pick up pace when it comes to growth and development.

What happens during the fifth week of pregnancy By now you have missed your periods and experienced some of the early signs of pregnancy too. If you haven't done a pregnancy test yet, you can do one now to check on the results. If the result is positive, you can be sure of your pregnancy now. Many women learn about their pregnancy during their fifth week or a little after that, as pregnancy symptoms become more prominent now. Congratulations you are now pregnant.

Changes that happen to your body

Your body would be producing hCG or Human Chorionic Gonadotropin in abundance now. It is because of this hormone that the colour of your home pregnancy kit changes in order to denote its presence in your body.

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But remember even though you have missed your periods and got a positive home pregnancy test you can still experience light bleeding or spotting. This is normal and some amount of bleeding is expected while the fertilized egg implants itself on the inner wall of the uterus. However, not all women experience spotting in their first trimester.

Apart from that, the raging hormones will start to make pregnancy symptoms more prominent. You might be suffering from morning sickness, extreme fatigue, back pain, constipation, light headedness, night sweats, cramps, tender breasts, heartburn and more. Though physically there would be no prominent changes but these symptoms will make the start of the roller coaster ride of pregnancy. Some women might become sensitive to smell and also averse to certain tastes, as these can act as triggers to initiate nausea or morning sickness. Also read six pregnancy problems you should watch out for.

Development of your baby

Remember now that the implantation of the embryo is done, the growth from week five onwards will take place at a rapid pace. Your baby's vital organs have already started to develop. The heart, the central nervous system, the thyroid gland, bones and muscles are developing at a greater pace. Also the neural tube that eventually develops into the brain and the spinal cord has begun to develop. The heart now is divided into four chambers and has started pumping blood. The placenta also develops and through the umbilical cord and placenta now your baby receives nourishment from you. The eyes, ears, nose, mouth, fingers and toes start to take shape along with the skeletal structure of the baby. The week five of your pregnancy is an important week as the crucial developments take place at this point of time. Your baby is very tiny at this stage and might measure somewhere between 2 to 5 mm in length.

What you should be doing

  • Seek an appointment with a gynecologist to get a better evaluation of your pregnancy status. You might be advised to do a urine test and a blood test to ascertain your pregnancy and know your blood type too. Also know about the other important tests that you need to do during your first trimester.
  • This is the right time to get started on folic acid intake as its deficiency can lead to neural tube defects in the baby. In case of a planned pregnancy you might be advised to have folic acid well in advance. If not then make it a point not to miss your regular doses. Know why it is important to have folic acid during pregnancy.
  • Do not take any over-the-counter medication for any of your ailments without talking to your doctor, as these might have adverse reactions to your baby's growth and development.
  • If you are a non-exerciser start with doing a 15 minutes' walk and make exercise a habit now. Else continue with your exercises with changes suggested by your trainer once you announce your pregnancy. Also read the dos and don't you need to follow during your pregnancy.
  • Quit smoking and alcohol. Eat right to ensure better nourishment for the fetus and yourself. Know more about foods that pregnant women should have.
  • You might be advised to go for your first ultrasound now and remember it might have to be a transvaginal ultrasound, which could be a little uncomfortable for you. Many ultrasounds can also pick up a heart beat as early as five weeks. Apart from the discomfort, this could also mark a euphoric moment for you. Don't be disheartened if your sinologist doesn't register a heartbeat. Sometimes it might take a little longer to pick it up on an ultrasound. It is imperative to check on fetal development and establish an expected delivery date during this scan. Know more about scans that needs to be done during your pregnancy.
  • Take adequate rest and avoid any activity that can put stress on the abdomen as chances of miscarriage is highest during the first trimester of pregnancy.
  • In case of any spotting or bleeding make sure that you report it to your doctor, though spotting is common during the initial weeks of pregnancy but it can also point or indicate a miscarriage or chance of an ectopic pregnancy. Also read six signs of ectopic pregnancy.

If you wish to know what happened to your body and your baby while you reached week five, read about the first four weeks of your pregnancy.

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