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Not much has changed in your life from what you have experienced the week before. But this week is an important week for you in terms of medical tests and diagnosis. You might be due for your blood tests and a sonography. Know more about the tests that you need to be doing during the second trimester.
Changes that happen to your body
Weight gain is in full swing this week onwards and you might have gained anywhere between two to five kilos. Your baby-bump is now finally showing. With the bulging belly, back pain can get aggravated if you don't work on correcting your posture and strengthening your back and lower abdominal muscles.
Lower abdominal pain due to the stretching of the uterus can still bother you and so can the acne and other problems that now show up on your face. Nosebleed can happen due to the excessive blood circulation in the systems and you can also bleed from your gums. Make sure you pay a visit to your dentist if there are any oral troubles that are bothering you. Remember infections in the gums or the oral cavity can lead to premature delivery or other health crises in the mother. If you haven't visited your dentist yet, do it soon.
Another major change that would happen to your body this week is that the milk glands in your breast starts production and the veins might also be visible. Though, this is not the same with all women. Apart from this there isn't much to worry about till you get the test reports.
Development of your baby
With the developing facial features your baby's expressions are more developed now. The eyebrows are filled with thin film of hair and the eyelids have started to open and close. With the skeletal development being on its peak your baby's backbone and the muscles around it get stronger allowing your baby to stretch more. The bones and muscles in the neck area are now stronger and helps in neck movements which is now controlled and synchronized with the brain impulses.
Week 16 onwards your baby's movements are more prominent and many women start feeling the same. Yes you can now feel the movements though they won't be as strong as the kicks that you will feel a little later.
Your baby is also developing a thin layer of fat underneath the skin which will act like an insulator to keep your baby warm. Your baby would also be playing with her first toy -- the umbilical cord. Surprised? Well she will pull, stretch and hold it while passing all her time inside the womb. But don't worry neither will it hurt you or her.
Regarding the functioning of the organs your baby is now breathing in air and also pumping blood in the systems. The kidneys are also producing urine and the genitals of your baby by this time are well formed. A sonography at this time can help you see a more human-like fetus. Know why an anomaly scan during the second trimester is important for your baby.
What you should be doing
If you wish to know what happened to your body while you reached week 16 of your pregnancy, then read:
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