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Marriage brings about huge changes in people's life. The couple embarks on an exciting new chapter of their life. Eventually when they have settled into their new roles, they start thinking of starting a family. Once this is decided, it is natural to hope that it happens quickly. Often people see their friends and family members conceiving quite easily and think they should too. But every couple is different, every situation is different. It is important that couples know what the normal timeline is, so they do not get unnecessarily worried. Acquiring the right information and having an open conversation can help the situation in more ways than one can imagine.
Usually, couples will be successful in conceiving after 12 to 24 months of regular unprotected sex. But this duration changes with increasing age. Depending on your age, your fertility specialist will advise you to undergo tests to detect any underlying issues
The above time limits are for people who do not have any reproductive or other health issues. If you do have any medical condition, do not wait for a year as getting pregnant will be harder. Get yourself tested immediately if you have
It is crucial that both the partners get tested. The doctors will take a record of your general and sexual health history. They will ask information around your medical history (any surgeries or procedures you may have had), lifestyle habits like smoking or drinking, your use of birth control, frequency of intercourse etc. After this you will be recommended certain tests for women and men
Here are a few fertility tests that women must undergo to have a clear and informed picture of their physical and sexual health:
If these tests show any indication of underlying problems, you might undergo some more invasive tests like diagnostic laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, etc.
Men usually must undergo only semen analysis for fertility testing by providing a semen sample to the lab. Some other tests may include:
In case the results indicate an underlying fertility issue, there is absolutely no need to get discouraged. There are plenty of treatments available from hormonal treatments to Intrauterine insemination (IUI) to In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) or Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI). The treatment will depend on the cause of infertility. Your doctor will be able to provide the necessary guidance and counselling. With the help of various assisted reproductive technologies available, many couples have fulfilled their dream of becoming parents despite facing fertility problems.
The article is written byDr. Pallavi Prasad, Fertility Consultant at Nova IVF Fertility, Basaveshwaranagar, Bengaluru.
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