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6 causes of an emergency c-section

Sometimes even when everything seems normal, a vaginal birth might not be the possibility and you have to go for a c-section. Here are possible reasons.

Written by Debjani Arora |Updated : April 4, 2016 10:19 AM IST

There are times when despite planning for a vaginal birth, what happens inside a labour room can be exactly the opposite. You might have to go for an emergency c-section (cesarean) due to your health concerns or because it is in the best interest of your baby. Most of the time, people think an emergency c-section is uncalled for, but that is not the case always. Here are some of the reasons that can lead to an emergency c-section.

1. Fetal distress

This is one of the most common causes for an emergency c-section. If the baby is under any kind of stress during labour, it is best to go under the knife. Doctors can monitor fetal heart rate doing a non stress test using a machine to record the heartbeats of the fetus. If any kinds of discrepancies are noted in fetal heartbeats, doctors would usually suggest an emergency c-section.

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2. Small pelvis of the mother

This is a physiological issue of the mother which causes a lot of problems during a vaginal birth. If the mother has a small pelvis and the baby is relatively larger, this can cause a problem for the baby to pass through the birthing canal and stop a smooth labour from progressing further. This is called cephalo-pelvic disproportion, and a c-section becomes necessary.

3. Breech baby

If your baby is in transverse of breech position (i.e., with head up and legs down) in such cases normal delivery becomes difficult, and a c-section is usually done.

4. Previous history of c-section

It is not that a vaginal birth after a c-section is not possible, but if you have a history of two C-sections in the past, chances of internal bleeding during vaginal birth are high. Hence going under the knife becomes the safe option.

5. Fetus defecation

If the fetus defecates inside the uterus or passes meconium, this indicates fetal distress and the best that can be done is to take out the baby through a c-section.

6. Low lying placenta

If the placenta is fixed in the lower end of the uterus there is likely to be heavy bleeding with the onset of labour, and that could lead to further complication, and so a c-section is usually advised.

Reference: Excerpts taken from the book Garbhasanskar, with prior permission

Image source: Shutterstock

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