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World AIDS Day 2021: Chronic Cough And Other Warning Signs of An HIV Infection That You Shouldn’t Ignore

The world marks AIDS Day on December 1 to highlight the work done to eliminate the epidemic. Today, on this day let's understand the various symptoms of HIV/AIDS infection that one should never ignore.

Written by Satata Karmakar | Updated : December 1, 2021 1:21 PM IST


HIV is a sexually transmitted infection that usually spreads through unprotected sex. The HIV virus can impair your immune system, making you prone to various life-threatening infections and diseases such as cancer. If left untreated HIV virus can turn into AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). However, testing positive for HIV doesn’t mean that you will get AIDS. It occurs only when the HIV infection reaches its final stage (stage 3), the initial two stages doesn’t give you AIDS. Currently, there is no cure available for this condition and hence it is important for you understand about the signs and symptoms of this disease that can help you with early diagnosis and treatment to treat your condition efficiently. Apart from sex, this infection can also enter into your body through blood transfusion, breastfeeding, using contaminated needles and razors. On this World Aids Vaccine Day, we tell you about the signs and symptoms that can indicate that you are infected with HIV virus.


High fever: One of the most common symptoms of HIV infection is high fever. A sudden rise in body temperature along with other symptoms like fatigue, sore throat and swollen lymph glands can indicate that the virus is multiplying inside your body.


Nausea or diarrhoea: Initial stages of HIV infection can cause nausea and diarrhoea in around 30-60 per cent of patients. Also, if you are suffering from diarrhoea that persists for a long time even after taking medication, it could be a prominent sign of HIV.


Joint pain: The inflammation inside your body can result in severe joint pain that can impair your ability to perform daily tasks. It usually occurs in the first stage of HIV infection.