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Warts caused by the Human Papilloma virus can show up almost anywhere in your body. The virus enters the body and triggers cells to grow rapidly on the outer surface of the skin. You should be aware of these seven types of warts and their risk factors, says Gynaecologist Dr Sangeeta Agarwal.
Common warts: Common warts which have a cauliflower-like appearance commonly occur on the hands, fingers, elbows and knuckles. They may also have a tiny dark or black dot of clotted blood vessels. They are an infection on the top layer of skin and should be treated immediately once detected or they can get worse.
Plantar warts: They appear as hard, thick patches on the soles of the feet and can be painful while walking. They usually grow back on the skin because of the weight and the pressure applied on the soles of the foot. They occur when the HPV virus comes in contact with your skin through cuts, scrapes and cracks.
Filiform warts: They commonly occur around your neck, nose, shoulder and areas under your chin and they are usually the same colour as your skin. Those with organ transplants or HIV have a higher incidence of filiform warts because of their weakened immune system.
Flat warts: Flat warts are smooth and flat that mostly appear on the face and neck. They are yellow or brownish in colour and can grow in significant numbers of 20 to 100 together. They are most common in children and teens than in adults. Caused by HPV they can spread rapidly on the face by activities like shaving.
Genital warts: Genital warts also known as venereal warts are one of the most common symptoms of the sexually transmitted disease HPV. They appear as a grainy cauliflower-like lump in the genital area and can cause pain and discomfort.
Mosaic warts: Mosaic wart is a group of plantar warts grown in a small area. They usually occur when the planter warts are left untreated and spread into a cluster of warts.
Oral warts: Oral warts are raised bumps that can occur anywhere on your lips, tongue, mouth and gums. They can occur as a single lesion or as a cluster and can cause discomfort while eating or swallowing. Oral warts are an HPV infection which is acquired by oral sex. The risk of infection increases with the increasing numbers of sexual partners.