7 Most Common Lung Diseases And Their Warning Symptoms

Here are the top 7 most common types of lung diseases and their warning signs and symptoms.

Written by Satata Karmakar | Published : August 1, 2023 12:51 PM IST


Asthma is a chronic lung disease affecting people of all ages. It is a condition that makes it difficult to breathe because of inflammation and muscular stiffness around the airways. Coughing, wheezing, breathing problems, and pressure in the chest are among the symptoms. Mild, severe, and intermittent symptoms are all possible.



Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may swell with fluid or pus (purulent material), which can lead to a cough that produces pus or phlegm, a fever, chills, and breathing difficulties. Pneumonia can be brought on by a number of different species, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. The severity of pneumonia can range from minor to life-threatening. The most vulnerable groups include newborns and young children, adults over 65, and those with health conditions or weaker immune systems.


Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious illness that mainly affects the lungs. When someone with tuberculosis coughs, sneezes or sings, the disease can spread. This may release microscopic droplets containing the germs into the atmosphere. The germs then reach the lungs of a different person who can then breathe in the droplets. Also Read - Enhance Your Brain Power With These 5 Yoga Poses


Lung Cancer

Cancer that starts in the lungs is known as lung cancer. Two pliable organs in your chest called your lungs allow you to breathe in oxygen and exhaust carbon dioxide. Although never smokers are also susceptible to developing lung cancer, smokers have the highest risk. With time and cigarette consumption, your risk of developing lung cancer rises. Even after years of smoking, your risk of developing lung cancer might be considerably decreased if you stop.


Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD)

The term "interstitial lung disease" (ILD) refers to a broad range of illnesses that result in lung fibrosis (scarring). Scarring makes the lungs stiff, which makes it challenging to breathe and deliver oxygen to the bloodstream. ILD-related lung damage is frequently permanent and worsens over time.