Monsoon is a great season. It is a season where people love to sit on the balcony and just look at the rain, with a warm cup of joe in their hand and appreciate the pleasant breeze on their face. However, the monsoon does not only bring rain but brings a lot of infections along with it. It has been seen that during the monsoon season the rate of catching any kind of infection or an airborne disease is higher. This is because the moisture content in the air is higher, and that kind of environment only helps infections and bacteria thrive. Especially with COVID-19 still around, nobody can take a chance, particularly kids. Parents need to take preventative measures to avoid monsoon-related infections and keep their children safe. Monsoon can bring along many diseases including - dengue, typhoid, fungal infections, cholera, common cold, etc. Let's learn more about these diseases from Dr Goutham AS, Consultant Paediatrician, Motherhood Hospitals, Banashankari, Bangalore, who also shares health care tips for kids during monsoon.
Diseases that may attack your kids during rainy season
Following are some common diseases parents need to watch out for during the rainy season along with tips from Dr Goutham on how to protect children from falling ill:
Fungal Infections: As mentioned above that due to high humidity and moisture in the air, bacteria and infections thrive in these kinds of conditions and it is much easier for them to spread. That is why fungal infections can be seen among children during monsoon time as they play in the mud, dirt, etc. These infections can spread from skin-on-skin contact. Parents can protect their kids from these fungal infections by simply maintaining cleanliness around the house, maintaining hygiene (by not sharing a towel), keeping their child's hands and feet dry.
Dengue: Mosquitoes are one of the most common reasons for one to fall sick during the monsoon season. Malaria is also a mosquito-borne disease. Often people forget that when it rains, water starts collecting in things like tires decorated in their garden, empty flowerpots, etc. which need to be drained before they become a camping site for mosquitoes. Dengue is a very dangerous disease which was fatal up until very recently. With dengue, you might see that your child has an extremely high fever, and it might be accompanied by rashes, headaches, and muscle pain. Your child may have a low platelet count and you will need to give your child as many liquids as possible. To protect your child, it is important that you do not keep any clean stagnant water for long periods of time as they lay eggs in clean water. Put a mosquito repellent and make him or her wear long-sleeved clothes.
Typhoid: This is also a very common disease the doctors get to see during the monsoon time. One happens to catch this disease from drinking contaminated water. The most common symptoms for typhoid are - abdominal pain, diarrhea, and high fever. The preventative measures for this are carrying your own bottle of water and a small snack when you step outside the house, not drinking water from an outside place and avoiding street food as it might be contaminated. Also, washing hands before eating should be a rule of thumb.
Common Cold: This cold is nothing very serious, but it is accompanied by a runny nose, fever, cough, fatigue, etc. To prevent this, you need to ask your child to wash their hand continuously, maintain hygiene, and hydrate regularly.
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Tips to prevent monsoon-related infections
Here are a few things for parents, as suggested by Dr Goutham, to prevent any kind of infection related to monsoon in children:
Make your kids drink lots of liquids, especially water.
Maintaining hygiene is very important.
Make sure you children drink clean water and beverages and avoid having anything from street vendors, even if it is their favorite food.
Making them wear a mask can be helpful especially with COVID-19 still in the air. It might help prevent the spreading of the infection if one might have caught it.
Maintain a healthy and balanced diet for your family, as too much of anything can be harmful.
Visit your general practitioner just as a precaution.