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Your kid's school bag shouldn't weigh more than 10 per cent of her body weight

Make sure your child's backpack isn't too heavy. © Shutterstock.

Worried about the weight your children carry on their shoulders? New study tells you how much they should.

Written by ANI |Updated : July 4, 2019 11:37 AM IST

Everyone knows heavy school bags are a serious threat to the health and wellbeing of the children, which makes knowing how much weight shall children carry a vital aspect.

Scientists have established that school children who use backpacks should avoid loads of more than 10% of their body weight and those who use trolleys, 20% of their body weight, reported a recent study published in the Journal of Applied Ergonomics.

In this study, 49 primary school pupils were assessed. A kinematic analysis of the children (posture of the trunk and lower limbs) was conducted while they walked freely, carrying no weight, secondly, during children carrying a traditional backpack, and finally pulling a backpack trolley with different loads (10%, 15%, and 20% of their respective body weights).

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For the analysis, a three-dimensional optical motion capture system was used, similar to those used in animation films and video games. In collaboration with the researchers used statistical techniques to analyse the full kinematics curves, based on tracing point trajectories.

The main findings of the study indicate that the greatest alterations when using trolleys or backpacks are produced in the proximal extremities (hip and trunk), while there is little difference in the kinematics of the distal extremities (knee and ankle).

However, pulling the backpack trolley produces fewer changes in the child's kinematics and, therefore, resembles more closely their movement when walking free of any load, compared to carrying the backpack, even when it weighs very little.

As an overall conclusion, the study corroborates that schoolchildren who use backpacks should avoid carrying loads greater than 10% of their body weight. Furthermore, in a new finding, when pulling a school backpack trolley, the child should avoid carrying any load greater than 20% of their body weight.

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