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Uncontrolled diabetes can put you at risk of a lot of health complications. This includes vision problems, heart problems, kidney-related problems and nerve damage. However, it is difficult to know about the symptoms of diabetes complications given the fact that diabetes doesn't show any symptoms in the early stage. Unlike fever, diabetes is a 24X7 condition that should be monitored regularly and hence, you need to watch out the symptoms on every day or weekly basis. Dr Pradeep Gadge, Diabetologist, Gadge Diabetes Centre, Mumbai lists out the red flag signs of diabetes complications that both caregivers and patients need to be aware of!
Vision problems: Unfortunately, diabetes-related eye diseases do not manifest with any symptoms. If you have any visual disturbances, it could mean diabetes retinopathy. Do not rely on symptoms when it comes to classical retinopathy or glaucoma. Sometimes you may find weird symptoms like sudden disturbances in vision, loss of vision, fluctuations in the number of your specs, because of very low sugar. If this happens, immediately contact your doctor or ophthalmologist. Here's how to protect your eyes from diabetes.
Stroke (TIA): Sometimes, before getting a stroke, you might experience premonitor symptoms such as tingling or numbness on one side of the body, one arm or one foot may become numb or paralysed for few seconds or minutes and they recover after some time. It is a sign that the patient is having a transient ischemic attack and is at a high-risk of stroke in near future.
Angina: As high blood glucose levels can also put your heart under pressure, it can lead to chest pain or angina. So if you are experiencing pain in the left arm or are experiencing frequent chest pain, do consult your doctor without fail.
Kidney related issues: Diabetic nephropathy is very common. A study conducted by Dr Pradeep Gade showed that almost 9.7-10% patients with diabetes have late kidney disease and around 8 - 9 % of other patients have early kidney disease. According to the study, around 20% have some form of the kidney disease. The symptoms of kidney damage due to diabetes include swelling of the face or feet sudden breathlessness, paleness and anaemia. Here's more on kidney damage in diabetics causes, symptoms, treatment, complications and prevention.
Sudden weight gain: A classic sign of diabetes complications is a sudden increase in weight, which is something you can easily monitor. Giving this information to your doctor can help your doctor treat the condition. For eg, if the weight of the patient was 60 kgs but within 2 days it becomes 70 kgs, it is a classic sign of diabetes complication. There is no other condition that can lead to rapid weight gain (2, 5 or 10 kgs) in two days. Do bring it to the notice of your doctor. Did you know diabetes can hamper your sex life?
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