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In a feat, doctors from Kalyani Medical College and Jawaharlal Nehru Hospital in West Bengal have removed tumours weighing 35 kilograms from the body of a 60-year-old woman. The woman, Arti Adhikary had huge tumors in her ovaries. Arti was admitted to the hospital because of stomach pain. A thorough investigation led to the revelations of huge tumours that had to be operated.
Mriganka Mouli Saha, Gynaecological Surgeon of Kalyani Medical College, who led the operation reportedly said, "Tumour of this size has not been operated successfully in the recent past." At the moment, Arti's condition is stable but will be under observation for the next 48 hours.
What are ovarian cancers?
Tumours are the most common manifestations of any form of cancer. Though all ovarian tumours are not cancerous, many of them are. In fact, malignancy rates are pretty high in ovarian tumours. According to the ICMR registry, ovarian cancer is the seventh most common cancer among women worldwide. The incidence of ovarian cancer has been rising over the last two decades and is the third most common cancer among Indian women.
There are various kinds of ovarian cancers. Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most common among them all. Epithelial ovarian cancer arises from the surface of the ovary. About 90 per cent of ovarian cancers develop in the epithelium. This is a thin layer of the tissue that cover the ovaries. This kind of cancer is mostly seen among postmenopausal women.
Symptoms of ovarian cancers:
Pelvic or abdominal pain
Difficulty eating or feeling full quickly
Urinary symptoms- urgency or frequency
Clinical examination, abdominal ultrasound, CT scan and MRI aid in the assessment of the obvious spread of the disease and defining the treatment line.
The treatment of ovarian cancer is decided on the basis of the severity of cancer. Surgery and chemotherapy are the commonest options. The patients receive chemotherapy either before and/or after the surgery. Fertility-sparing surgery can be offered in selected cases.
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