Osteomyelitis is a rare but serious condition characterised by an inflammation of bone caused by infection generally in the legs arms or spine. The copper implant could be surgically placed at the infection site. It would kill bacteria improve blood flow and promote new bone growth without using antibiotics as well as reducing the need for bone grafting. Osteomyelitis is notoriously difficult to treat. Further work on the back of this research could lead to the complete development of a single-stage off-the-shelf treatment said lead author Emily Ryan a post-doctoral student from the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI).