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Over-active parathyroid hormone shrinks patient's finger bones!

thyroid

You may have heard about a hormone called parathyroid but to your shock, excess of this hormone can even 'eat' your fingers! High levels of parathyroid hormone in a 45-year-old patient in Japan led to an acceleration of the normal breakdown of his bones, resulting in a condition of shrinking finger bones, doctors found. The man had a non-cancerous tumour on his parathyroid glands which are four tiny glands that sit adjacent to the thyroid gland in the throat.

The tumour was causing the glands to be overactive, and produce too much parathyroid hormone that controls calcium levels in the body. When doctors removed his tumour, the man's hormone levels quickly returned to normal. 'This patient had a very high parathyroid hormone level, and a large tumour by today's standards, likely indicating long-standing and severe disease,' Bart Clarke, an endocrinologist at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota said. High levels of parathyroid hormone stimulate the bone resorbing cells to resorb bone more quickly, which leads to rapid transfer of more calcium into the blood. The report was published in the New England Journal of Medicine. (Read: Thyroid disease 10 quick facts you should know)

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Q.What are the types and various causes of Thyroid disease?

A malfunctioning thyroid can have adverse effects on the various functions of the body. A dip in the thyroid hormones or excess of it both is indicative of a health crisis in the store. Here we talk about the different types of thyroid diseases that one can suffer form and the underlying reason for the same.

Hypothyroidism: This condition is denoted by a dip in the thyroid hormones in the blood. It happens if one has an underactive thyroid or glands that control the thyroid functions, though there are other causes also that can lead to this condition. It is usually noticed that hypothyroidism affects women more than men and gets worse as one ages. (Read more on thyroid diseases)

With inputs from IANS

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