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Women who gain weight between their first and second pregnancy are more prone to diabetes during their second one. However, losing weight between the two pregnancies appeared to reduce gestational diabetes mellitus (diabetes risk during the second pregnancy.
According to researchers, GDM is associated with an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes as well as subsequent diabetes in women and their offspring.
The examination showed that women who gained 12 to 17 pounds between their first and second pregnancy were almost two times more likely to develop GDM compared to their peers whose weight remained stable.
On the other hand, women who lost more than 6 pounds between the first and second pregnancy reduced their risk of developing GDM by half compared to women whose weight remained stable.
It also emerged that the link between weight loss and reduced GDM risk was strongest in women who were overweight or obese in their first pregnancy.
"Taken together, the results support the avoidance of gestational weight retention and postpartum weight gain to decrease the risk of GDM in a second pregnancy, as well as the promotion of postpartum weight loss in overweight or obese women, particularly those with a history of GDM," said Samantha Ehrlich, project manager at the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research in Oakland.
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