Kidney failure could become a global pandemic by 2030!

There s always a flipside to development as problems that usually belonged to developed nations start haunting developing ones. One of them is kidney failure and a new study suggests that by 2030 around 5 million people will need either a kidney transplant or dialysis. This is due to a rise in kidney-related issues in developing nations of Asia and Africa, according to a study by the George Institute for Global Health published in the Lancet. However, the number of people without access to RRT will remain substantial, the study titled 'Worldwide access to treatment for end-stage kidney disease: a systematic review' said. Read about 14 hidden symptoms of kidney disease.

The largest absolute growth in the number of people receiving RRT is projected to rise from 0.968 million people in 2010 to 2.162 million by 2030 in Asia. The review said about 2.618 million people received this life-sustaining treatment worldwide in 2010. However, it noted at best, only half or less of all people needing RRT worldwide had access to it in 2010, meaning at least 2.284 million people might have died prematurely because they did not have access to the treatment in 2010 . Here's what should know about kidney transplants.

Most of this burden of preventable deaths fell on low income and middle income countries like India, China, Indonesia, Pakistan and Nigeria. This data show a pressing need to develop low-cost RRT alternatives to reduce disparities in access to the treatment, and the importance of development, implementation, and assessment of cost-effective end-stage kidney disease prevention strategies. Read about 10 tips to prevent kidney disease.

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The sad reality is that most of these deaths are preventable and the biggest burden lies in low to middle income countries where there are instances of less than a quarter of patients receiving treatment for kidney failure, said Vlado Perkovic of the George Institute and lead author of the study. He said the way forward is to radically overhaul dialysis technology to lower costs.

Dialysis has been around for half a century, yet the technology hasn t evolved substantively, remaining hugely expensive despite its simplicity. Computers have shrunk from the size of buildings to that of a watch in this time; that s the kind of radical overhaul needed, added Perkovic. As a result of this research, a worldwide competition is being launched to design the world s first affordable dialysis machine, attracting a prize of $100,000. Here's everything you should know about kidney dialysis everything you should be aware of (Expert speak)

What is kidney disease?

Kidney disease is a condition where the kidneys do not function normally. It is brought about by either an infection, physiological problems like autoimmune disorders or physical damage to the kidney. The kidneys play an important role in filtering out toxins, maintaining blood pressure and the acid- base levels in the body. They also regulate urinary system which is key in removing toxins from the body.

Kidney disease was thought to be prevalent among older people but now it is also common in young adults. In case of kidney disease, depending on the severity, a doctor may advice medication, diet restrictions, dialysis or a . Doctors say that a kidney transplant is the best way to avoid further complications in a patient. Common symptoms of kidney failure are abdominal pain, back pain, nausea, loss of appetite, oedma, increase in creatinine and protein content in a person's body and general malaise.

What is dialysis?

Dialysis is a form of treatment that is advised for patients suffering from end-stage kidney disease. Usually when a patient has chronic kidney disease the doctor classifies it into stages based on the percentage of kidney function the patient has. This is calculated using certain formulae based on the patient s serum creatinine levels. Generally when a person s kidney function is less than 10 to 15 percent of what it should be, dialysis is prescribed. This is the time the patient suffers from symptoms such as fatigue, lack of concentration, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, itching of the skin, restlessness of the legs, muscle aches and cramps, etc, due to the build-up of waste products in the bloodstream (also called uraemia).

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