India the second-most populous country in the world which is currently home to 18 percent of the world's population is set to overtake China in this respect by 2028. The nation's 1.3-billion-strong population has been bearing down on its resources and causing majority of India's socio-economic problems. If left unchecked the population problem in India will acquire sinister proportions. With a view to counter this problem the Indian National Congress set up the National Planning Committee back in 1935. Despite the nation being so proactively involved in its efforts to reduce birth rates the statistics don't yield any encouraging results.