In a recent study researchers measured the burden of antibiotic resistance in low- or middle-income countries and reported that in-hospital mortality is significantly higher among patients infected with multi-drug resistant (MDR) or extensively drug-resistant (XDR) pathogens. Researchers at the Center for Disease Dynamics Economics and Policy analysed antimicrobial susceptibility testing results and mortality outcomes for over 4000 patients who visited one of ten tertiary or quaternary referral hospitals across India in 2015. Pathogens were classified as MDR or XDR based on drug susceptibility profiles. Mortality data was restricted to in-hospital deaths. The findings appear in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases.