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The number of dengue cases in the national capital and its adjoining areas Monday rose to 23, civic officials said. According to figures from the municipal corporations, 18 cases of dengue have been reported from the capital, and five from the adjoining areas in the National Capital Region (NCR) in Uttar Pradesh and Haryana. Similarly, 20 cases of malaria have also been recorded in the capital alone.
What is dengue?
Dengue refers to a tropical disease caused by four different types of virus. It is usually transmitted by mosquitoes and the common symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and joint pains and skin rash. There is no vaccine for dengue and the only way to reduce infections is to improve hygiene levels so as to prevent mosquito-bites and prevent mosquitoes from breeding. It's particularly difficult to create a vaccine because it's caused by different viruses and there are no animal models available for testing. The disease kills over five thousand Indians every year and is a seasonal threat, particularly during the monsoon seasons.
What are the symptoms of dengue fever? How can people recognise it early?
The most glaring symptoms are high-grade fever, chills, severe headache and pain behind the eyes (retro-orbital pain), severe headaches and body aches. After the second day of onset of the aforementioned symptoms, they may even start vomiting or feel extremely restless. In many patients we can diagnose the disease in a day itself, but in some cases people stay home when they have fever and self-medicate. Only when it becomes very severe and they are not able to bear the headaches and retro-orbital pain do they come to a doctor.
It is important that we recognise the possibility of a patient possibly suffering from dengue. Even doctors should take these complaints seriously. This is important because if it is diagnosed early the complications are much lower and can be handled effectively. Read more about 'Dengue fever symptoms include high-grade fever, severe headache and pain behind the eyes'
With inputs from IANS
Photo source: Getty images
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