Beware -- NDM1 'superbug' killing thousands of newborns in India

New Delhi, Dec 5: India has recorded a significant rise in newborn deaths due to antibiotic resistance. As per latest evidence, a 'superbug' known as CRE has become resistant to most of the antibiotic drugs available in the market. According to the reports by NYT, nearly 58,000 kids died in India last year due to the antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

India is known to have high infant mortality rate and the current death cases may increase the overall death rate in the country. The reports also stated that almost one third of the infant deaths in the world occur in India. Given the fact that more the bacteria has already claimed thousands of infants in India, it also pose a sever threat to the neighbouring countries as well. The NYT report says that almost every kid referred to the doctors at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital in New Delhi have been found to have multidrug resistant infections. (Read: Antibiotic resistance why it is more dangerous than you think)

According to the doctors', the bacteria is immune to almost all antibiotics and can be easily transmitted through sewage, soil, animals, water and from mother to their babies. As the immune system of newborns is fragile, the bacteria attacks the young ones and spread quickly. The ability of the bacteria to spread quickly is leaving no time and scope for the healthcare practitioners to find out medications that will work. Although kids are more vulnerable to the bacteria, it doesn't rule out that adults are not susceptible to this bacteria infection. (Read: Why India s indiscriminate antibiotic use is dangerous)

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As per statistical evidence by UNICEF, India reported the highest number of infant deaths due to superbug in South Asia. The main reason for the increasing cases is poor sanitation, uncontrolled use of antibiotic drugs by people and over crowded places. in most parts of the country, especailly remote areas, people defecate openly and the sewage generated with use of public toilets is mostly untreated leading to infections. The superbug, NDM1 (or New Delhi metallo-beta lactamase 1), has been found in other nations like US, France and and Oman. This is attributed to the migration of Indians to other countries coupled with similar healthcare situations in those countries. (Read: Hospital stay ups risk of multidrug-resistant infection)

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