Indian scientists have deciphered the entire genetic make-up of Tulsi a herb widely used for therapeutic purposes. The genome map will help in making new medicines using the plant. A multi-institutional team led by Sowdhamini Ramanathan from the National Centre of Biological Science Bengaluru revisited the age-old knowledge of the plant and its medicinal effects in their laboratories. The plant synthesises a wide range of bioactive compounds known for theiranti-bacterialanti-fungalanti-pyretic and anti-cancer properties. Read: 10 ways tulsi or holy basil keeps you healthy These compounds are metabolites compounds that are a by-product of plant metabolism typically used for plant self-defence.