Doctors at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) have conducted an autologous stem cell therapy for multiple sclerosis which could be the first recorded case in the country. In an autologous stem cell transplant the donor and recipient is the same person. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that affects the brain and spinal cord. The body’s own immune system attacks the myelin sheath (nerve coating) and slowly destroy the central nervous system. There could be numbness and weakness in the limbs to sudden loss of balance and coordination. The patient may experience blurred vision and paralysis.