If you are suffering from tuberculosis and are not following the usual course of treatment (as prescribed by your doctor), you are more likely to suffer from multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). A more severe form of tuberculosis, it is caused by the bacterium, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which becomes resistant to the drugs used to treat tuberculosis. This is one of the reasons why you might not respond well to the treatment and thus, suffer from MDR-TB.
According to the world health organization (WHO), 5% of the total TB cases all over the world were estimated to be of MDR-TB (multi-drug resistant tuberculosis). And around 3% of all newly diagnosed patients are suffering from MDR-TB. In 2010, India had an estimated 63,000 notified cases, the highest in the South East Asia region. Here are 10 facts about TB you should know.
In MDR-TB, the bacterium becomes resistant to two or more medications (namely isoniazied and rifampicin) that are primarily used to treat the disease. Our expert Dr Jai B Mullerpattan, Associate Consultant, Department of Pulmonology, P.D. Hinduja National Hospital and MRC explains in detail about the causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention of MDR-TB.