List of Diseases and Conditions

Heart disease

Heart disease shares a major part of the global burden of lifestyle diseases with one is 3 people at a risk of suffering from the disease. Earlier, non-modifiable factors like age, gender, family history were mainly responsible for heart disease. But over the past few decades, heart disease seems to have surpassed all the boundaries and now controllable risk factors like diet, physical inactivity and stress largely determine the risk of heart disease. The common types of heart disease are –

 

Liver disease

The liver is one of the most important organs of the body, as it performs numerous functions in the body. One of the main function of the liver is breaking down and disposing of toxic substances from the body. If these toxins are not expelled properly due to the inefficiency of the liver they are simply reabsorbed. This in turn leads to various severe complications including cancer. Here are some of the common liver diseases you should be aware of –

 

Kidney disease

Kidney diseases (or kidney problems) are known as silent killer disease as most patients who have reduced kidney function don’t realize it unless their condition worsens or other health conditions develop alongside. This is the reason, you should know everything about various types of kidney disease. The common ones are listed below -

 

Brain disease/neurological problems

The brain just like any other organ in the body starts losing its functioning as you age. However, you may be at an increased risk neurological problems right from the time you are born till you age. Here are few brain diseases that everyone should be aware of -

 

Digestive complications: Indigestion and acidity are quite common digestive complications that most people suffer from. But apart from these, these are other digestive diseases that you need to be aware of. Here are some of them --

 

Respiratory disease

A respiratory disease or illness is a group of clinical conditions that affect the upper and lower respiratory system. Although cough and cold are the common respiratory problems that most people experience, there are many respiratory diseases that you are unaware of.

 

Eye conditions: Most of us spend long hours in front of the computer, straining our eyes. This in turn increases your risk of suffering from dry eyes. However, there are other factors that put you at high risk of various eye conditions like –

 

Endocrine diseases: Do you know that hormones play a key role in regulating major functions in your body? And any imbalance of these hormones in the body makes you susceptible to various diseases. These include –

 

Muscle conditions/ Nerve disorders: Muscle cramps or a sudden twist in your muscles takes a hell out of you. But there’s more to muscle and why you need to be extra careful when it comes to muscle conditions. Go through these diseases to get a clear idea!

 

Blood diseases: Anaemia is one of the most common blood disorders. But some blood disorders are hereditary in nature, while some can be caused to an underlying disease. Here are some of the most common blood diseases you must know --

 

Bone or joint diseases: Are you experiencing recurrent back pain? Are you facing difficulty in walking due to severe joint pain? These are some of the common symptoms of bone and joint diseases. Have a look at the common diseases affecting your bones and joints.

 

Skin diseases: Skin is one of the largest organs of the body and hence, most susceptible to inflammation or injury. Right from skin rash to burns to dermatitis, skin diseases are quite common in your day-to-day life. Here’s what you need to know about various skin diseases.

 

Oral conditions: Right from a kid is born; we tend to teach the importance of oral hygiene and its impact on the overall health. With mouth ulcers and teeth sensitivity being the common oral problems, developmental abnormalities also lead to oral condition. Here are some of the common oral conditions you should know in detail.

 

Cancer: According to a study published in the Lancent oncology, around 6 – 7 lakh death were caused by cancer in the year 2012 and the cases are rising ever year. This is the reason, why every person has to be well aware of various symptoms and cause of different types of cancer. To help you out, common types of cancer are listed below –

 

Autoimmune diseases: In some cases, the immune cells tend to attack the healthy cells leading to inflammatory response. Known as autoimmune disease, the exact cause of this disease is unknown. However, knowing about the disease beforehand helps you in dealing with the condition in a better way.

 

Other diseases: You need to be extra careful while handling communicable diseases like swine flu, as they spread quickly. Apart from those, you should be aware of other diseases like Ebola that have been declared as medical emergency all over the world. Hence, it is important to know everything about these diseases namely –