The thyroid hormones namely thyroxine (T4) and the triiodothyronine (T3) secreted by the thyroid gland affect almost all the parts of our body — the heart, the brain, the muscles; metabolism and other physiological functions. A malfunctioning of the thyroid gland can either make it go on an overdrive or make it under active.
A condition wherein the thyroid gland becomes underactive and secrets less hormones than needed is called hypothyroidism. Low levels of thyroid hormones can set the stage for numerous health problems such as obesity, heart problems, joint pains, infertility, etc.
This condition affects women more than men and is usually silent at the onset. It is not until late that one gets diagnosed for the same. But due to some congenital defects, this condition can affect a person right from birth. Here are few quick facts about thyroid disease you are not aware of!