There is no doubt India is the land of spices. Not just spices are an essential ingredient for a wide variety of Indian recipes many of them are known for their therapeutic properties. Herbs and spices have been an integral part of Ayurveda traditional Indian system of medicine for centuries. The medicinal values of Indian herbs and spices are also well known throughout the world. Here is a list of 6 most popular Indian spices and herbs and their health benefits. Turmeric (Haldi) This spice is commonly used in a wide variety of Indian dishes to add colour and flavour.