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If you constantly experience red, irritated, or scratchy eyes, then you might be suffering from dry eye syndrome. Although the condition is common among the middle and old age groups, several environmental and lifestyle factors are increasing the incidence of dry eyes among children and young age groups. Dry eye syndrome occurs when the tear glands are unable to lubricate the eyes, which can cause discomfort and pain. Lack of moisture in the eyes can result from living in air-conditioned spaces, working on the computer screens for long hours, poor lighting, or engaging in activities that demand enhanced concentration. Besides, certain medical conditions, hormonal imbalance, allergies, and ageing can also lead to dry eyes. Chronic dry eyes can be painful and impact your quality of life, affecting your vision and reducing your productivity at work.
Here are some effective and natural ways to treat the dry eye condition:
The ocular surface requires an adequate amount of lubrication to function properly. Drinking plain water is best to ensure the functioning of lacrimal glands, responsible for releasing fluids to cleanse and protect eyes. Staying hydrated helps produce a healthy amount of natural tears and oils, whereas dehydrated tear film results in a rough ocular surface, resulting in dry and irritated eyes. Limit the consumption of beverages that tend to dehydrate the body, such as coffee, alcohol, or other caffeinated drinks. One can also increase the intake of water-rich fruits such as watermelon, peaches, cucumber, strawberries, etc. for healthy vision and prevent dry eyes.
Incorporating foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids in the diet can help maintain sound ocular health as they improve the eye's oil film and thus enhances lubrication. According to several studies, consuming sufficient amounts of essential fatty acids lower the risk of suffering from dry eye syndrome. Besides, omega-3 consists of a high EPA to DHA ratio (2:1), which helps to address inflammatory risk factors that can lead to dry eye conditions. Some of the foods rich in omega-3 include flaxseeds, eggs, chia seeds, fatty fish, walnuts, eggs, etc.
Frequent blink oscillations can compensate dry eyes by determining tear film stability. Engaging in purposeful blinking can help to moisten the eyes with protein-rich nutrients and reduce evaporation of the aqueous layer that ultimately improves tear distribution across the cornea. Ideally, one should blink 15-30 times per minute, but people do incomplete blinks while reading from a computer monitor, which results in digital eye strain. However, make sure to be aware of blinking correctly and provide your eyes rest for 20 seconds, every 20 minutes while working on the monitor to relieve dry eye syndrome. If you spend most of your time on electronic screens, wear blue light filtering glasses to combat the digital eyestrain.
If you wear eye makeup every day, then ensure to clean your eyelids, eyelashes, and surrounding skin with baby shampoo or mild soap. After washing the eyes, wet a clean washcloth with warm water and keep it on your eyes for at least a minute. The heat from the compressor helps to loosen up clogged oils in the glands and lower inflammation, which can make your eyes feel better and ease irritation.
Prolonged exposure to dust, smoke, and pollutants can lead to dry eyes. Therefore, make sure to wear wraparound sunglasses that reduce eye contact with debris and prevent eyes from drying. Besides, the glasses also prevent the eyes from the harmful UV light of the sun that can damage the cornea, lens, and retina and lowers the risk of macular degeneration.
(Authored by Mr Shreyansh Jain, CEO, Medy365)
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