The word asthma is derived from a Greek word which means breathlessness or panting. It is a chronic disease of the airways and makes breathing difficult. There is inflammation of the air passages that result in a temporary narrowing of the airways leading to wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and coughing. Usually caused due to allergens, this condition is rampant during the winters.
What you can do: The most important thing is to first visit your doctor for a prescription of asthma medication (bronchodialators). Make sure you have your inhaler with you at all times. Other things you can do is to avoid places and things that trigger your athma and covering your nose and mouth while stepping out. Finally as an asthmatic it is possible that you become breathless at certain times, so make sure you always have an emergency contact on hand.