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In recent years, the spotlight on gut health has intensified, with a growing body of overall evidence of overall well-being. The human gut plays a role in maintaining digestive health, bolstering the immune system, and even influencing mental health. Dr Rahul Dubbaka, Consultant Gastroenterology, CARE Hospitals, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad,shares that amidst this burgeoning interest, probiotics have emerged as powerful agents in promoting gut health and potentially reducing the need for antibiotic interventions.
Unlike pathogenic bacteria, which can cause illness, probiotics contribute to a harmonious balance within the gut microbiota. Common strains of probiotics include Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium, which are frequently found in fermented foods and dietary supplements.
A healthy gut microbiota is characterized by diversity and balance among its microbial inhabitants. Probiotics sustain this equilibrium by promoting beneficial bacteria growth and inhibiting harmful microbe proliferation. They also contribute to the integrity of the gut lining, preventing the penetration of pathogens and toxins into the bloodstream. Additionally, probiotics aid in producing colon and contribute to overall gut health.
Antibiotics, while essential for treating bacterial infections, can have unintended consequences for the gut microbiota. These medications not only target pathogenic bacteria but also impact the beneficial microbes, leading to a disruption in the delicate balance of the gut microbiota. This disturbance, known as dysbiosis, can result in various gastrointestinal issues and compromise the immune system. Probiotics offer a promising solution to mitigate the adverse effects of antibiotics on the gut.