July 28th is observed as World Hepatitis Day every year. The theme for 2017 is Eliminate Hepatitis. Neonatal jaundice (clinically known as neonatal hyperbilirubinemia) is a common medical condition that may develop in newborns within the first two to five days after birth. It occurs due to high levels of bilirubin in the body (a waste product created from the breakdown of blood containing proteins present particularly in red blood cells). But there's more about jaundice at birth that you need to know. Dr Manu Sharma Consultant Neonatology Paras Bliss Hospital Panchkula shares five interesting facts about neonatal jaundice. 1.