Suffering from a cough? While the condition can be quite annoying and painful it is your body's natural way to get rid of particles that irritate the throat. But that is not all a cough is meant to do. Understanding its exact process can help you tackle the problem. Here s a quick guide to help you understand the processs and tackle it. Anatomy of the respiratory system The respiratory system consists of several organs: nose mouth pharynx or the throat larynx or the voice box trachea or the wind pipe tiny air tubes called bronchi and finally the lungs.