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Changes in sexual desire, swelling in the testicles or problems with erection are the common symptoms of male infertility. But there are some uncommon signs of male infertility every man should be aware of. Did you know recurrent respiratory infection could be a sign of infertility in men? Dr Rajalaxmi Walavalkar, Consultant Reproductive Medicine and Surgery, Cocoon Fertility, India explains the three common symptoms of male infertility.
Very small testicles: It is a primary sign of Klinefelter's syndrome where the testis are too small to produce either the male hormone testosterone or sperm. This happens in 1 in 600 people. It is a genetic condition where one extra X chromosome is present. These men also have insignificant facial hair, fat growth around the breast area, thin bones and disproportionate bodies. Certain varieties of Klinefelter s may actually produce sperm and if diagnosed, early when young, the outcome will be reasonably positive. Here's more on the causes for pain in the testicles.
Inability to smell: This is a genetic disorder called Kallman's syndrome. It affects both men and women at puberty. It is an exceptionally rare condition where puberty never fully starts or finishes. The hormones secreted by both the hypothalamus of the brain and the testes are deficient. Associated with this is a complete lack of sense of smell. Other signs that people with Kallman's syndrome will show are decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, decreased muscle strength, and diminished aggressiveness and drive.
Recurrent respiratory infections: Not every man with frequent respiratory disorders is necessarily infertile, but this should be regarded as a warning sign. Kartegener s Syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by frequent respiratory infections and infertility. It is also called as Primary ciliary dyskinesia. It is rare and affects 1 in 30,000 people. Infertility occurs due to impaired functioning of the sperm tail and the sperm can t move, hence can t swim and fertilize an egg. Interestingly these patients have situs invertus, i.e. vital organs develop on the opposite side of your body forming a mirror image of the normal positioning. For example, Liver develops on the left and the heart on the right. Also read about FAQs on sperm count and male infertility answered by an expert.
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