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World Thyroid Day 2018: What to eat to keep thyroid disease at bay

Thyroid disorders are on the rise in India.

Thyroid disorders are said to be on the rise in the country. Roughly, about 42 million people suffer from different types of thyroid-related disorders like hypothyroid, hyperthyroid, thyroid cancer etc. 'One in 10 adults in India suffers from hypothyroidism, which is three times more common in women. One in every three diabetic patients could have underlying thyroid disorder and 44.3% of pregnant women are found to have hypothyroid in the first trimester,' says Dr Nidhi Malhotra, Senior Consultant and Coordinator, Endocrinology, Jaypee Hospital, Noida.

This ailment could be avoided by eating right and exercising. 'Exercise daily as per physicians or instructors advise to regulate metabolism,' says Dr Ankita Ghag, clinical nutritionist and Co-founder, Vacchan Aarogya.Experts, however, say that eating certain things can prevent or help in managing thyroid. Here's what you should eat:

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Eat a small meal or snack every 3 or 4 hours.

Consume complex carbohydrates such as oats, ragi, jowar etc.

Include iodize salt, fish and sea weed in diet to avoid iodine deficiency.

Consume garden cress seeds, dark green leafy vegetables, raisins, apricot, lentils, sardines, black beans if one has anemia or iron deficiency.

Consume foods rich in selenium as it helps in maintenance of thyroid health e.g. sunflower seeds, brazil nuts, tuna, eggs, chicken, spinach etc.

Consume 3-4 liter fluids per day to stay hydrated.

Talk to your doctor before using caffeine-containing products, such as tea and soft drinks. Caffeine impacts several conditions and medications.

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