Schizophrenia (from the Greek word schizophreneia means ‘split mind’) is a psychiatric diagnosis that describes a mental disorder characterized by impairments in the perception or expression of reality and by significant social or occupational dysfunction. A person experiencing schizophrenia is typically characterized as demonstrating disorganized thinking, and as experiencing delusions or hallucinations, in particular auditory hallucinations.
Although schizophrenia is a rare condition, if you consider the worldwide scenario, it is quite disturbing. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) statistics, there are 24 million people in the world suffering from schizophrenia. Its incidence is comparatively low but the prevalence is high because it is a chronic mental illness (the number of cases per year are low, but a lot people are currently suffering from the condition).
Why is it caused and what exactly happens to the brain cells in a person suffering from the condition is still unknown. We spoke to our expert Dr Samir Parikh, Consultant Psychiatrist, Department of Mental Health and Behavioural Science, FMRI who provides a better insight into the condition.