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As a parent it can be quite alarming to learn that your child has kidney stones. Although Kidney stones are one of the most common health problems we hear about these days, the fact that a child can also suffer from kidney stones can be quite scary.According to western literature the numbers of kidney stones in children are low, but in India the numbers of cases are on a steady rise.Dr Pankaj Deshpande, a renowned Pediatric Nephrologist helps us understand the condition, its diagnosis and treatment better.
Kidney stones also known as renal calculi, are small solid masses, crystalline in structure and are made up of dietary minerals in the urine.
How are they formed?
Urine contains various substances. While some promote stone formation, others inhibit it. For example calcium and oxalate in the urine promote stone formation while magnesium and citrate inhibit stone formation. If the concentration of these minerals is not balanced there is a possibility of stone formation.
Read more about causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of kidney stones.
Why my child?
Although these are very basic concepts, they have been forgotten in our daily life.
Do certain foods increase the incidence of stone formation?
According to experts there is no such food that particularly promotes or inhibits stone formation, so restricting your child's diet is not the solution to the problem.
70% of stone formation is due to metabolic reasons, and unless the doctors identify a high amount of sodium or calcium in your child's urine there is no reason to shun any kind of food.
What to look out for: Here are a few symptoms that your child may have, if he/she has kidney stones.
Stones that are small (lesser than 5mm) can be passed in the urine, with the help of medication and drinking lots of water.
If the stone is larger than 5mm, it may require surgical intervention. The surgical options are as follows:
These surgeries are minimally invasiveand your child may need to stay in the hospital for about a day.
If you have any more questions regarding your child's health, please feel free to send us a question in our 'Ask an expert' section.
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