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Fire safety guidelines for playschools, schools and colleges

Every parent should know these guidelines and steps provided by the Indian Government for fire prevention and safety in schools.

Written by Bhavyajyoti Chilukoti |Published : January 9, 2018 12:36 PM IST

A fire outbreak can happen anywhere and at any time and not just in restaurants or factories. It could even happen in schools and colleges. Hence, it is important for every student, teacher, school authorities and parents to know how well the school is prepared to deal with emergency situations. So to help you, we have listed the Government guidelines for schools to prevent fire and also steps to follow in case of fire. Here are dos and don ts of fire safety you must know about.

According to the National Disaster Management Authority of India (NDMA) every school has to strictly abide by certain rules and regulations to prevent fire outbreak and ensure safety. Fire Prevention and Fire Safety measures should be part of the initial school design, and also require regular maintenance and testing. Here are few of the points that must be ensured by every school (including preschools) as a safety measure:

  • Flammable and hazardous materials sources are limited, isolated, eliminated, or secured: This includes electrical lines and appliances, heaters and stoves, natural gas pipelines and LPG canisters, flammable or combustible liquids. Here's how to prevent smoke inhalation in case of fire.
  • Exit routes are clear to facilitate safe evacuation in case of fire or other emergencies.
  • Detection and alarm systems (especially urban setups) are working.
  • Fire extinguishers are regularly refilled.
  • Other firefighting materials and equipment is maintained.
  • Electrical systems are maintained and operable, in compliance with fire safety design criteria.

In addition to the guidelines, here are few points you need to keep in mind:

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  • Fire drills must be held regularly while school is in session.
  • Students with specific needs should be assigned an adult or a student buddy to assist them. The same rule applies to students in playgroups and preschools.
  • Every room in the school should have a map posted identifying two ways out.
  • Every student, teacher and other staff in school must be aware of the safety precautions and steps to follow in case of fire outbreak.
  • Safety audits such as electric safety audit such as checking of the electrical system by an electrician and fire safety audit which involves checking for possible sources of fire and identifying inflammable items within the school must be done regularly.

Does your first-aid kit have these 10 essential items? Read this!

What to do in case of fire outbreak in school? Here's what you should teach your kids if you are a parent.

  • As soon as you hear a fire alarm, make sure you go to the nearest exit. It is wise to go to open spaces than staying indoors or waiting for the instructions.
  • Listen to directions carefully such as getting in line and talking stairs. Never ever try to take elevators, if you have any.
  • Walk calmly out of the building following your teacher or a volunteer. Do not panic. Avoid running because it can cause injury.
  • Do not use washrooms or lock yourself in a classroom as it can lead to smoke accumulation doing more harm than good.
  • Stay with your teacher until he/she says it is safe to return to class.

With inputs from National Disaster Management Authority of India

Image Source: Shutterstock

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