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Find out if you could get Parkinson's disease

Watch out for these factors and take timely precautions to deal with Parkinson's disease.

Age-related disorders are often difficult to tackle, especially if they are related to the nervous system. One such ailment is Parkinson s disease a degenerative disorder that affects the brain. Difficulty in carrying out day-to-day activities is common as the disease affects the nervous system that is responsible for motor functions of the body. We asked Dr Ratan Kumar Vaish, Senior Consultant Physician and Director, Astha Multi Speciality Center about the factors that can increase the risk of Parkinson s disease. Following are some of them.

Age: People above the age of 60 years are more prone to Parkinson s disease. Often the symptoms are ignored by the person or family members confusing it with old age. This can cause a delay in diagnosis and early treatment of PD, leading to progression of the condition. Inability to pay attention or regular falls in case of old-aged people could be due to a difficulty in motor coordination. These signs must not be ignored to reduce the risk of PD. Find out how you can fight Parkinson s disease with yoga.

Depression: The suicide of Hollywood actor Robin Williams brought to light that depression and Parkinson s disease had a connection. A study in collaboration with the National Parkinson s Foundation revealed that depression is the most common non-motor symptom of PD. Hence, being diagnosed with depression and lack of awareness of it could increase the chances of PD in individuals. Here are treatments and therapies for Parkinson s disease.

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Exposure to toxins: Studies [1] have indicated that occupational exposure to toxic metals and substances like mercury, zinc, copper, manganese or lead can increase your chances of PD. Another study [2] indicates that exposure to pesticides and herbicides may also lead to PD. Toxins damage the dopaminergic neurons, that are responsible for Parkinson s. Here are 15 early signs of Parkinson s you ought to know.

Heredity: Having a blood relative with Parkinson s can also up the chances of PD. However, cases of PD being inherited are few and studies are still being conducted on whether the disease can be passed genetically. If the person is young and diagnosed with PD, then the genetic component can be the cause. Did you know these facts about Parkinson s disease?

Trauma or head injury: A trauma or head injury or multiple episodes of trivial head injury in early age can also be a risk factor and make you susceptible to Parkinson s at a later stage [3]. Head injury or trauma is often bound to set off some kind of neurodegeneration. As you age, this degeneration leads to a risk of Parkinson s.

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References:

1. Gorell, J. M., Johnson, C. C., Rybicki, B. A., Peterson, E. L., Kortsha, G. X., Brown, G. G., & Richardson, R. J. (1997). Occupational exposures to metals as risk factors for Parkinson's disease. Neurology, 48(3), 650-658.

2. Gorell, J. M., Johnson, C. C., Rybicki, B. A., Peterson, E. L., & Richardson, R. J. (1998). The risk of Parkinson's disease with exposure to pesticides, farming, well water, and rural living. Neurology, 50(5), 1346-1350.

3. Harris, M. A., Shen, H., Marion, S. A., Tsui, J. K., & Teschke, K. (2013). Head injuries and Parkinson's disease in a case-control study. Occupational and environmental medicine, oemed-2013.

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