The cases of people suffering from diabetes all around the globe is increasing day by day. There are approximately more than 1 billion muslims in the world and most of them observe fast (without water and food intake) between dawn and sunset during the Islamic month of Ramadan. In case if fasting affects the health of the observer, (for example- people with type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus) they are advised to not fast for long hours as fasting can lead to a fall in the blood glucose levels and it may even lead to hypoglycemia, and even the religion exempts them from fasting in such condition. But many such diabetics still decide to fast against the advice of their doctors. In the end, it is a personal choice whether to fast or not. Know whether your waistline predict your diabetes risk?
Here are some safety guidelines which diabetics need to take care of during fasting-
Check your blood glucose levels more often than you would check on days when you are not fasting.
Treatment is very important if your blood glucose level is high or too low.
If you feel confused, disoriented and unwell, immediately check your blood glucose level. These can be indications of hypoglycemia.
Experts advise that if the blood glucose levels drop below 70mg/dL, it is better to break the fast.
If the blood glucose levels are above 300 mg/dL, seek medical advice.
It is very important to select the right and healthy foods. Selecting wrong and unhealthy foods may cause an imbalance in the blood glucose levels.
Once you break your fast in the evening, eat small, healthy and nutritious meals.
Be wise about the portion size.
Do not overeat.
Do not break your fast with foods that are deep fried or laden with sugar.
Avoid eating large and heavy meals in one go. This may lead to acidity, bloating and discomfort.
After you break your fast, drink healthy fluids. Water is the best fluid you can drink. Other options include nimbu pani, buttermilk, unsweetened lassi and plain milk. Avoid drinking sherbet, fruit juice, packaged drinks and other sugar-sweetened beverages.