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Type 1 and type 2 diabetes: What is the difference?

Explained -- the basic difference between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

India is home to over 50 million adults with diabetes and this number is likely to increase to over 120 million by 2040. Diabetes, as we all know, is characterised by high blood sugar levels. And the signs of high blood glucose in the body include weakness, weight loss, increased thirst and frequent urination. Here are 5 unusual signs of diabetes you should watch out for! The long-term complications include damage to the eyes, heart, kidneys and nerves resulting in loss of vision, heart failure, kidney failure and often, amputation. Diabetes is broadly classified as type 1 and type 2 diabetes. However, what many people do not know is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Dr Tejal Lathia, Consultant Endocrinologist, Hiranandani Hospital, Vashi- A Fortis Network Hospital explains the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes in a simple, easy to understand way.

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes: What is the difference?

In type 1 diabetes, the body is unable to produce insulin, a hormone required to keep blood sugar levels normal. This is because the immune cells attack and destroy insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This is the reason, people suffering from type 1 diabetes are completely dependent on insulin injections for their survival. As the symptoms predominantly occur in children, it is known as juvenile-onset diabetes. Read about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of type -1 diabetes.

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In people suffering from type 2 diabetes, although the body produces insulin it is unable to use it effectively. Hence, insulin is present in the body but it is not sufficient to control the blood glucose. And over time, it becomes difficult for the pancreas to produce insulin, which leads to a deficiency of insulin. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs an adult age, however, in recent times, there has been an increase in the cases of children. Here's everything you need to know about type 2 diabetes.

Causes and symptoms -- how is it different in type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

Although several research studies were done, the exact cause of type 1 diabetes is still unknown. The cause of type 2 diabetes is attributed to lifestyle factors such as excess weight, inactivity and eating junk food. Also, type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented but type 2 diabetes can be prevented with simple lifestyle changes.

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes develop suddenly and are usually seen in children or teenagers. It is often diagnosed when people seek medical help because of a sudden rise in blood glucose level. Whereas the symptoms of type 2 diabetes develop slowly and may go unnoticed for years. Unlike type 1 diabetes, you may not have symptoms of type 2 diabetes till you diagnose the condition.

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