- Health A-Z
- Diet & Fitness
- Home Remedies
Diabetes mellitus is a syndrome of multiple aetiologies characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism, resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. Nutrition and exercise play an important role in the management of Diabetes, however there is no such thing as a Diabetic diet, it is a healthy eating practice, with feeding at regular intervals. There are 4 main goals in the nutritional management of a diabetic as suggested by Dr.Rekha Sharma, President and Director, Nutrition and Dietetics, Diabetes Foundation (India).
Provide adequate calories for achieving and maintaining a reasonable body weight, normal growth, and development.
Daily Energy requirement or calories are planned and individualised according to one s age, sex, weight, height (Body mass Index), physical activity, exercise regimen, nature of diabetes and eating pattern along with cultural factors and work schedule. It is imperative to achieve an ideal body weight for adults and proper growth for children.
Improve overall health through healthy food choices
Achieve and maintain optimal blood pressure and blood lipid levels.
Restrict salt in your diet if the blood pressure is high. Avoid all preserved foods like piclels, papads , sauces , chutnies , etc. In case triglycerides are high, reduce refined carbohydrates like white bread , maida , juices , reduce total fats , avoid alcohol and avoid smoking. Follow the healthy eating tips given above.
Address individual nutrition needs, incorporating personal and cultural preferences
Compliance of a diet is most important. It is important to share a family meal with reasonable healthy eating modifications, for long term benefits, based on the home eating patterns. Imposed diets away from the cultural and home pattern generally fail in compliance on long term basis.
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