A simple blood test is all you need to check for high cholesterol triglyceride VLDL and HDL levels and your lipid range. And the procedure is quite simple all you need to do is go to a pathology lab where some blood from your arm will be drawn for testing. But it's understanding those reports that becomes difficult. What with all those complex words and acronyms like cholesterol LDL HDL triglycerides and lipid profile. But now you can decipher your report yourself. Here's is everything you need to know about the test and what its results mean. What is cholesterol?